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Flooring Glossary

Backsplash – The area located between the countertop and upper cabinet.

Bullnose – Convex rounding of a material, to be used in various applications, such as stair tread.

Caulking – Closing a joint by sealing with an elastic, adhesive compound.

Deco – A decorative accent piece.

Eased edge – When referring to a slab material, the square edge profile normally has softened edges as opposed to sharp square edges for added safety.

Granite – A visibly granular, igneous rock; generally ranging in color from near-white through the spectrum of golds, pinks, greens and blues, to grays and blacks. Granite consists primarily of quartz, mica and feldspar. Granites are the hardest architectural stone, making them ideal for counter tops and high-traffic areas.

Joint – The space between tiles that is filled with grout.

Limestone – A sedimentary rock composed principally of the mineral calcite (calcium carbonate), the mineral dolomite (double carbonate of calcium and magnesium), or some combination of the two. Limestone is generally softer and less dense than granite and more homogeneous in appearance.

Natural Stone – A product of nature. A stone such as granite, marble, limestone, slate, travertine, or sandstone that is formed by nature, and is not artificial or manmade.

Polished Finish – A high-gloss finish attained by machine-grinding and buffing the stone.

Sealant – An elastic adhesive compound used to seal stone veneer joints.

Travertine – A type of crystalline or micro crystalline limestone with a distinctive layered structure. Some layers contain pores and cavities which create an open texture. Depending on the product selected, pores in travertine may be filled or unfilled. Travertine is available in warm, earth tones, making it one of the most popular stones for interior and exterior flooring.

Slate – A micro crystalline metamorphic rock commonly derived from shale. Slate is primarily composed of mica, chlorite and quartz. Slates are predominantly available in cleft-finished tiles; ideal for use in exterior, non-freeze settings.

Tumbled Finish – A weathered, aging finished created when the stone is tumbled with sand, pebbles, or steel bearings.

Wainscot – An interior veneer of stone covering the lower portion of an interior wall.