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Colorado Hardwood Flooring

Colorado Hardwood Flooring

Hardwood floors can be a beautiful addition to any home, but it is important that every homeowner understand the special characteristics and care requirements of hardwood flooring installed in Colorado.

WOOD CHARACTERISTICS

HARDNESS:

In spite of the term, hardwood will dent under heavy traffic, including casters, wheels, pets, and high heels. The finish will not prevent denting or scratching. However, the hardness of the wood varies with each species. If pets are a part of your family, especially large dogs that will enjoy running and playing on your new floors, a harder species is suggested. American Cherry and Walnut should be avoided as they are softer and more susceptible to denting and scratching.

WOOD SPECIES JANKA HARDNESS RATING COMPARISON
Brazilian Cherry 2820 119% Harder than Northern Red Oak
Hickory 1820 41% Harder than Northern Red Oak
Red Oak 1290 Benchmark
White Oak 1210 6% Softer than Northern Red Oak
Walnut 1010 22% Softer than Northern Red Oak
American Cherry 950 26% Softer than Northern Red Oak
Bamboo Not Rated

 

COLOR:

Wood is a natural material that, during the first few months, will mature to its natural color. This characteristic underlines the beauty and character of a real wood floor. American Cherry, Brazilian Cherry, and Walnut will show dramatic color change as they are exposed to sunlight and begin to mature.

Exposure of all or portions of the installed flooring to direct sunlight may cause variations in color. To produce an even surface, rugs should not be laid on the floor during the initial months after installation. If light patches from carpets, etc., are apparent, these will eventually mature as they are exposed to daylight. It is advantageous to move or rearrange rugs and furniture periodically to avoid defined lines between the exposed and unexposed flooring.

Your hardwood floor will blend with but not match exactly the other wood finishes installed in your home, including cabinetry. Filler may be used to fill small cracks in the hardwood floor and will not match exactly to the finished floor. Additionally, this filler will take on a lighter appearance as the floor naturally darkens. The final coat you select for your floor (either polyurethane or Dura Seal 2000 or X-terra water-based finishes) may make a difference in the final appearance of your floor. The samples displayed in our design center are intended to represent the overall look and finish of your floors and cannot be expected to match exactly to the finished floor installed in your home. Variation is to be expected due to the natural variation inherent in wood along with the maturity of the showroom samples and their varied exposure to sunlight.

MOISTURE:

Wood is hydroscopic and will absorb and release moisture, changing the dimension of the product. Wood products are continually expanding and contracting due to temperature and humidity. During the heating season, it is common for small cracks to develop between boards as the relative humidity in the house is decreased. Boards wider than 2¼ inches will shrink and warp more drastically, making changes visibly noticeable (you should expect wider cracks between wider board widths – four to five inches and above). Wider boards may also cup and curl at the edges. When the floors absorb moisture during spring and summer months, cracks may or may not close up. A relative humidity of 30 percent to 60 percent is recommended to ensure a stable environment for your investment. Do not leave your home closed up for long periods of time. Whenever a wood floor is deprived of airflow in the environment, it can and will misbehave.

OTHER GENERAL PROPERTIES:

The following characteristics are considered normal in wood floors and are not warranted by Guy’s Floor Service

• Grain and color variances from board to board.
• Small splinters of wood, dimples (high heel marks, table and chair legs, etc.) scratches, etc.
• Dulling of the finish in high traffic areas.
• A white, filmy appearance caused by moisture, especially at exterior doors.
• Small dust particles in the finish.
• Shrinkage and/or warping, especially at heat vents, near heat-producing appliances, or above heat ducts in the floor system
• Peeling of polyurethane finish at edges of boards.
Keep in mind wood flooring is ultra-sensitive to water.

INSTALLATION:

“Job-finished” wood floor planks can vary in length and width and are installed directly over subflooring. The placement of the floor joists for your home will determine the direction of installation, as boards are typically set perpendicular to the floor joists. Guy’s Floor Service cannot guarantee the floor joist layout prior to installation, and areas of specific concern should be clarified directly with your builder. Guy’s Floor Service additionally cannot guarantee the placement of board lengths.

FINISHING:

The finishing process begins with sanding (of non-hand-scraped floors) and is followed by three finish coats:

  1. Sealer or stain coat
  2. First coat (typically polyurethane)
  3. Final coat (polyurethane or water-based Dura Seal X-terra)

Reclaimed floors may include an additional finish coat.

Filler may be used to fill small cracks in the hardwood floor and will not match exactly to the finished floor. Additionally, this filler will take on a lighter appearance as the floor naturally darkens. Knotholes especially apparent in rustic-grade floors will not be filled. The finish on your floor should be even and void of laps, puddles, or brush marks. Many times during the finishing process, minor dust particles, fibers, and other specks from the air will settle into the wet finish. These minor imperfections are to be expected and will normally walk out of the floor. This is NOT covered under your warranty.

Both polyurethane and water-based finishes, stained or natural, will need to be refinished at some point in time. An average time frame between coats is twelve to twenty-four months, and the duration of floor finishes varies greatly by individual lifestyles and care. Please contact us for an estimate when your floor is ready to be recoated.

You should examine your new wood floor from a standing position. The floor should have a neat, clean appearance and should be void of gouges, high or low edges, and sanding marks. Guy’s Floor Service takes the greatest care during this process to ensure a smooth, lustrous finish. This finish will remain beautiful only with proper maintenance and care once the process is complete.

PROTECTION:

Please protect your wood floors from the bottoms of your chairs and tables by using self-adhering pads that you apply to the bottoms of furniture legs (often called “easy glides”). Casters can dent and bruise the hardwood floor surface. Do not drag or roll anything heavy across your hardwood floor. Always use a thin sheet of plywood, masonite, or particle board when moving something heavy (refrigerator, piano, etc.) across your floors.

MAINTENANCE:

The performance of wood flooring depends on some routine but minimal maintenance details. These include the following:

  • Sweep your floor or use a dust mop daily. Do NOT use a household dust treatment, as this may cause your floor to become slick or dull the finish and VOID your warranty.
  • Clean light stains by rubbing with a damp cloth.
  • Clean your floor’s coated surface lightly with a dampened cloth using a recommended pH-neutral cleaning product such as Poly Glow available at Guy’s Floor Service or according to the manufacturer’s directions . Do NOT use cleaning products each time you clean your floor; use water and cleaning products sparingly to increase the longevity and sheen of your final finish coat. Do NOT use disposable spray & mop cleaning systems such as Swiffer WetJet or like products.
  • Do NOT use Murphy Oil Soap, Old English, wax, acrylics, or similar products to clean your floor as they will keep a new coat of finish from adhering to your existing finish and VOID your warranty.
  • Do NOT use wax, conditioner, soap, or ammonia to clean your wood floors.
  • Do not clean your wood floors with water or water-based products on a regular schedule. Clean only when necessary and clean only the soiled areas.
  • Never wet-mop a wood floor; it should be damp-mopped only when needed. In all cases, use minimal water, because water causes deterioration of the wood itself as well as the finish. Avoid using mops or cloths that leave excessive water on the floor. Never let a spill of water dry on the floor. Never pour water directly onto the floor.
  • Use the floor-care products as recommended by Guy’s Floor Service rather than counting on a homemade remedy of vinegar and water. Different finishes have different requirements, and it is best to follow professional advice in this area.
  • Have your floors recoated periodically as the finish shows wear.

WARRANTY:

Wood is a natural and living product and variations in color, grain pattern, and texture normally occur in the original materials and are not defects. No warranty will apply to these characteristics.

Material and labor are warranted by Guy’s Floor Service for one year from the date of closing, provided that proper maintenance and protection procedures are followed and maintained.