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Natural Stone

Natural Stone


There are five basic types of natural stone; each type has its own distinct characteristics and uses. You should carefully consider all natural stone features, qualities, and limitations when making your decision.


This is an igneous stone that is extremely hard, dense, and resistant to scratches and acid etching. It is an ideal stone for use in floors and in food-preparation areas. Hundreds of varieties of granite exist.

Marble is a derivative of limestone. It is a metamorphic stone that can be polished. Marble is characteristically soft and easily scratched or etched by acids. There are countless types of marble from around the world.


Another sedimentary stone, it is formed from calcite and sediment and comes in many earthen colors.

This is a crystallized, partially metamorphosed limestone that, because of its structure, can be filled and honed and is dense enough to be a type of marble.

This metamorphic stone has a sheetlike structure. It is composed of clay, quartz, and shale and comes in a multitude of colors including reds and greens.


Probably the biggest fear people have of natural stone is its maintenance. Truthfully, natural stone requires about the same level of care and maintenance as any countertop or floor. The best care you can give your natural stone is preventative care. Preventing stains or scratches before they happen is far easier than getting rid of them after the fact.

Granite countertops are surprisingly resilient to stains and practically impossible to scratch. But as a preventative measure, wipe up any spills on countertops within a reasonable amount of time. Don’t let liquid sit on countertops overnight. Granite is most prone to staining by oil and acid, so blot these spills up soon after they happen and then clean the stone with mild soap and water. Or visit Guy’s Floor Service to purchase Stonetech granite cleaner.

Marble countertops are easily stained by acidic foods like fruit, tomato sauce, coffee, and wine. Blot-do not wipe-any spills immediately, and then clean with mild soap and hot water. Do not set hot pans directly onto marble. Place a mat or pad between marble and anything that might scratch it, like a pan or utensils. Use coasters between marble and any glasses, especially ones containing acidic compounds like fruit juices, wine, or coffee.

On floors, the best preventative measure is regular cleaning. The movement of dirt and grit as they are ground into marble or granite tiles can wear away the finish. Therefore, the regular use of a dust mop can help keep dirt off the floor and preserve the finish. Use mats at all entry points to further ensure the long life of your floor’s beautiful finish. Wet-mop regularly with very hot water, and change the rinse water frequently. If the floor is particularly dirty, the use of a neutral stone cleaner or a mild dish detergent (one that is not oil-based) is perfectly acceptable.

In bathrooms, marble and granite tend to attract soap scum, just like manmade tile. Keep a squeegee handy for shower walls, and rinse vanities and natural stone sinks with hot, clean water regularly, then towel them dry.

The use of sealers is also a powerful preventative measure, and they will need to be reapplied periodically. The frequency of applications will depend on the sealer and on the type of stone you have. Penetrating sealers are also available for flooring and bath areas. Likewise, the application of additional coats of sealer will depend on the type of stone, the frequency of use, and the manufacturer’s recommendations.

Remember the following list of DOs and DONT’s:

  • DO use preventative cleaning measures to keep your stone pristine
  • DO use sealers, applied and reapplied according to manufacturer’s directions
  • DO blot up spills quickly, especially on marble, and then wash with mild soapy water
  • DO dust mop floor frequently
  • DO thoroughly rinse and dry surfaces after washing
  • DON’T use any kind of acidic cleaner on marble, limestone, or travertine
  • DON’T use harsh bathroom cleaners or grout cleaners on any natural stone
  • DON’T use vinegar, lemon juice or other cleaners containing acids on natural stone